Literary or Poetic devices in The dining table
Personification – This entails giving human
characteristics to objects, animals or ideas.
Examples- “the pepper strong enough to push
scorpions up our heads”; “cholera breaks its
spell on cracked lips”
Metaphor– The entire poem is metaphoric.
“Desert tongues”, “oceans of bowls” “spilt milk
of the moon” are examples.
Rhetorical Question : This is a figure of speech in the form of a question that is asked in order to make a point, rather than to elicit an answer.
“When the playground is emptied of children’s
toys who needs roadblocks?” is an example of a rhetorical question.
Hyperbole: This is a ridiculous exaggeration.
Example “the pepper strong enough to push
scorpions up our heads”
Antithesis: This means opposite and puts two
contrasting ideas together. Examples- “silence in their voices”; “guerrillas walk the land while
crocodiles surf”. These examples can also pass for Oxymoron, a figure of speech that combines opposite words for effect
Allusion: This is a figure of speech that refers to a well-known story, event, person, or object in order to make a comparison in the readers’ minds. Example: “Nile…comes lazy upon its own Nile”.
Caesura : When a stronng phrasal pause falls within a poetic lines as in lines 2, 4, 6, 12, 13, 14, 16 and 24 these internal pauses are used to ensure variety and emphasis as the poet wants them, it would seem that pauses found inside the lines emphasize disorder and crisis